Cosmetic surgery is a branch of medicine that is concerned with the appearance of teeth and the enhancement of a person’s smile. It requires science and art of dentistry where one really understands dental anatomy and has mastered the dental equipment and materials. Cosmetic surgery is done by a cosmetic dentist who goes beyond just restoring an individual’s proper function of his teeth, but also defines the patients’ beauty through his smile.
Cosmetic treatment has advanced over the years, and it has moved from just filling to other advanced technologies which are more durable. Current techniques are done with the aim of preserving much of the natural tooth structure as much as possible, and this has made the procedures more comfortable and convenient for the patient with less recovery time. Some of these cosmetic works include:
These are slices or porcelain that resembles one’s natural teeth and are used to resolve some cosmetic problems such a cracked or damaged enamel, discolored or unsightly teeth, noticeable gap between two teeth or crooked teeth. They fit over the visible surface of your front teeth where a small amount of enamel is removed, and a veneer of the same thickness is bonded to the tooth to form a durable, natural looking repair.
- 2. Composite bonding
This is repair or change of appearance of teeth that are decayed, discolored, broken or chipped using a material that resembles the color of the enamel. The dentist first drills out the tooth to be repaired, then he applies a composite on the tooth surface and then it is sculpted into shape, contoured and hardened by the use of high- intensity light. This bonding resembles other teeth and gives one a natural appearance and a healthy smile.
- 3. Inlays/ Onlays
Also known as indirect fillings, the inlays are used to treat mild to moderate decay or when a tooth structure doesn’t support a filling. The inlays/outlays are made of composite material or porcelain that is long lasting, yet they strengthen the teeth, and restore the shape hence avoiding further deterioration or decay. The inlay is placed directly on the teeth’s surface while the onlays are used to cover the tooth’s entire surface.
- 4. White filling
Also known as composite fillings, this is an alternative to amalgam (silver) filing as the material now being used is much easier to find and a perfect shade of the particular tooth. The filling is made from a mixture of resin and glass where they are bonded so as to cover unsightly marks on the teeth and restore the natural appearance of the teeth. The composite filling is molded to match the tooth’s structure, hardened by the use of a curing light and then trimmed and polished to look like part of the natural tooth.
- 5. Dental implants
This is the artificial replacement of any lost tooth where a small titanium screw is inserted into the jaw of the missing tooth. This replacement supports the crown, and once they are fused with the tissues and supporting bone, they are permanently secured and look exactly like the surrounding teeth. Dental implants are used to bring back that youthful appearance since missing teeth may make you look older.